Efecto de la respiración consciente en la tarea de atención en adultos

Palabras clave: atención, respiración, meditación, memoria, aprendizaje, envejecimiento

Resumen

El presente ensayo pretende revisar las publicaciones asociadas a la tarea de atención en adultos en virtud del impacto de la respiración consiente. Las técnicas de respiración en los diferentes estilos de meditación han cobrado relevancia a la hora de evaluar el proceso de enseñanza aprendizaje en niños, principalmente en algunas funciones superiores cognitivas como lo es el control inhibitorio. En adultos, hay información difusa no sistematizada de cómo podrían impactar estas prácticas en el proceso de enseñanza aprendizaje, considerando que los adultos presentan supresión de la neurogénesis y la neuroprotección, lo que conduce a alteraciones patológicas en el estado de ánimo, la atención, memoria y aprendizaje, según lo descrito por Innes y Selfe (2014). La evidencia determina que es factible generar una intervención para la mejora del ambiente de aprendizaje, basado en el impacto que produce en los procesos atencionales. Este impacto podría determinar la adecuación de políticas públicas o intervenciones de instituciones públicas o privadas, con el fin de potenciar el aprendizaje en adultos y limitar el deterioro cognitivo de estos, a través del estímulo de sus funciones cognitivas que produce la respiración consiente.

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Biografía del autor/a

Ximena Paz Martínez Oportus, Universidad Mayor, UM

Nacida en Concepción, Chile, el 6 de junio del año 1977. Médico Veterinario; Magister en Ciencias Veterinarias de la Universidad de Chile (UCHILE); Magister en Dirección de Instituciones de Salud, por la Universidad Mayor (UM); Dieciocho años de experiencia clínica y de Docencia Universitaria; Diplomada en Docencia Efectiva, en Psicología Budista y en Metodología de Investigación Cuantitativa; Experiencia docente y de investigación en la Universidad de Chile (UCHILE),  en la Facultad de Medicina Norte y la Facultad de Bioquímica de la Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile (UC); Actualmente, docente de pregrado y postgrado en Neurociencias básicas y Neurociencias de la Educación; Directora Regional de Postgrados, en la Facultad de Ciencias, de la Universidad Mayor (UM), Temuco, Chile.

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Publicado
2021-02-05
Cómo citar
Martínez Oportus, X. P. (2021). Efecto de la respiración consciente en la tarea de atención en adultos. Revista Scientific, 6(19), 383-401. https://doi.org/10.29394/Scientific.issn.2542-2987.2021.6.19.20.383-401